Second Grade

Language Arts

While continuing to practice matching sounds to letters that make up words, word-learning strategies will include word parts that carry the meaning for reading and writing. They will read a wide-range of grade level texts with understanding and fluency. Writing becomes a means of self-expression and way of presenting knowledge. As they write and speak, they will practice formal and informal uses of English and will learn to spell most words correctly. Second grade students will:

  • Read words with long and short vowels, common vowel teams, two-syllable words, and understand the meaning of words formed when common suffixes and prefixes are added.
  • Produce, expand and rearrange sentences to add interest and provide meaning to writing.
  • Ask and answer questions about a text and pay close attention to details including pictures and graphics, and in stories and books to answer who, what, where, when, why, and how questions.
  • Identify main ideas in informational text and use text features (e.g. captions, bold print, indexes) to locate key facts or information efficiently.
  • Determine the lesson or moral of stories, fables and folktales.
  • Retell key information or ideas from media or books read aloud.
  • Write stories that include a clear beginning, middle and end and provide a short sequence of events.
  • Participate in shared research projects using a variety of books on a single topic to produce a report.
  • Take part in conversations by linking his or her comments to the remarks of others and asking and answering questions to gather information or deepen their understanding of a topic.


Students will apply their reasoning and skills in the field of mathematics and will extend this knowledge to other aspects of their life. Students in second grade mathematics will:

  • Solve addition and subtraction problems, including the use of models, within 1,000.
  • Calculate sums and differences mentally for numbers, with only 10s or only 100s.
  • Use mental strategies to add and subtract problems quickly, flexibly, accurately and appropriately within 20.
  • Know, from memory, all sums of two one-digit numbers (5 + 7 = 12, 4 + 9 = 13, etc.).
  • Understand the value of each digit in a four-digit number.


Science engages students in enjoyable, active learning experiences. Science instruction should be as thrilling an experience for a child as seeing a rainbow, growing a flower, or holding a toad. The science curriculum allows students to experience the joy of doing science while learning both skills and concepts. In grades K-2, students will:

  • Apply scientific processes, communicate scientific ideas effectively and understand the nature of science.
  • Understand Earth and space through the study of earth materials, the movement of the earth, moon and weather.
  • Study the forces of motion and the properties of materials.
  • Study changes in organisms over time and the nature of living things.

Social Studies

Social Studies provides students an opportunity to learn about themselves, their community and the world. As students engage in social studies, they also learn about culture, citizenship, geography and financial literacy. Second grade students will:

  • Identify and describe contributions from different cultural groups.
  • Recognize civic responsibility and demonstrate good citizenship.
  • Investigate how our communities, state and nation are united through various symbols, traditions and landmarks.
  • Use geographic tools and skills to identify, locate, and describe places on earth, such as physical features, city, state and country.
  • Explain the difference between consumers and producers and the different types of goods and services that help people to meet their needs.

Information Technology

In a world where technology is playing an ever increasing role, it is necessary for students to learn how to access and use technology to accomplish a variety of tasks. Second grade students will:

  • Learn beginning word-processing skills and demonstrate proper keyboarding techniques.
  • Use electronic resources like interactive books, educational software and multimedia programs.
  • Use technology to develop problem-solving skills and work cooperatively on a multimedia project with a classmate.

Fine Arts

Learning the elements of art is an important part of expressing creativity. Students learn abstract thinking, expression, quality work and problem solving when engaged in the arts. Kindergarten through third grade students will:

  • Draw simple textures using line, dots and shapes while recognizing the variations of patterns.
  • Understand and use colors.
  • Listen to signals and respond to movement and directions.
  • Move to a steady beat, changing tempo, recognize simple rhythms and patterns.
  • Use dramatic games to enhance listening, imitation, pretending and cooperation.
  • Practice voice, movement, diction and expression.
  • Experience improvisations, puppetry, props and costumes.

Healthy Lifestyles and Physical Education

Research shows that healthy, fit kids learn best and that exercise has a positive impact on brain chemistry and function. In second grade, students will:

  • Learn healthy behaviors and develop a sense of self in relation to their families and community.
  • Explain the importance of a balanced diet.
  • Distinguish communicable from non-communicable disease and behaviors that can help to prevent them.
  • Identify the harmful effects of tobacco on self and others.
  • Understand characteristics of healthy relationships with family and friends.
  • Recognize how choices and consequences affect self, peers and family.
  • Participate daily in sustained physical activity that requires effort.
  • Perform a variety of sport skills.
  • Identify components of physical fitness and corresponding activities.
  • Create and perform dance movements and sequences.

Library Media

Providing students with information-processing and problem-solving skills is an increasingly important role of the school library in today’s society. Students use the library to find reading materials for enjoyment and for information. Second grade students will:

  • Appreciate and respond to children’s literature and learn about Caldecott award books.
  • Be introduced to the online catalog and be able to find a book by title.
  • Understand the difference between fiction and nonfiction books, learn the order of fiction books on the library shelves and be able to locate a fiction book by title and call number.
  • Learn the Big Six information problem-solving process and use a nonfiction book to gather information.
  • Analyze, question and think critically about media.

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